& Herzegovina became
part of the Roman Empire in the first Century
BC. In 455, the Ostrogoths conquered the
After the fall of the Roman Empire, Byzantine Emperor Justinian
conquered the area in the 500's, but soon after, the area was invaded
by the Slavs and Bosnia & Herzegovina became independent for 300
In 1102 Hungary conquered part of the area, then between 1463 and 1482, the Ottoman Empire followed, taking all of the area and then some. The importance of the Ottoman conquest was that it brought Islam to the area as many Bosnians converted from Christianity and a number Turks also moved to the area.
In 1878, was taken over by the Empire of Austria-Hungary as the Ottoman Empire shrank. It was this event that was one of the reasons for the start of World War I as Serbia always believed that Bosnia & Herzegovina should be part of their country due to the number of Serbs living in the area. It was the assignation of the Arch Duke Frances Ferdinand in Sarajevo that was the spark that started the war.After World War I, Bosnia and Herzegovina became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, later to be called Yugoslavia. When the Germans occupied the area during World War II, the region became part of Croatia for a short period of time.
In 1989 riding a wave of nationalist sentiment, Serbian president Slobodan Milosevic took power. In 1991, after a referendum, Bosnia & Herzegovina declared independence and a brutal civil war erupted, during which a number of Bosnians were massacred at the hands of the local Serbs. This brought NATO into the war. The final peace agreement was signed in Dayton, Ohio in 1995, bringing an end to the war.