three-year-old Marxist government was overthrown in 1973 by a
dictatorial military regime led by Augusto PINOCHET, who ruled until a
freely elected president was installed in 1990. Sound economic
policies, first implemented by the PINOCHET dictatorship, led to
unprecedented growth in 1991-97 and have helped secure the country's
commitment to democratic and representative government.
The design of the Chilean flag was influenced by the US flag. The white five-pointed star in the center represents a guide to progress and honor; the blue symbolizes the Chilean sky, white is for the snow-covered Andes, and red stands for the blood spilled to achieve independence.