|Since 500 BC present-day
Denmark was inhabited by Danish tribes. Danish Vikings establish power
in the ninth century in England and Normandy and around
950 the Kingdom of Denmark came into being. During the viking period
(9th-11th centuries), Denmark was a great power. In the early 11th
century, king Canute united Denmark and
England for almost 30 years. From 1000 on, Denmark occupied a large
part of Northern Europe, including Estonia and Norway, but it finally
lost control over
England. During the Kalmar Union of 1397 the Kingdom of Denmark formed
union with Sweden and Norway. Sweden became independent in 1523.
After the Napoleonic war Denmark has to sede Norway to Sweden in 1814.
absolute monarchy until 1849 when it became a parliamentary monarchy.
introduced universal suffrage in 1915. From 1918 on. Denmark formed a
personal union with its former colony of Iceland. From 1940 to 1945
Denmark was occupied by Germany.
During this occupation Iceland, occupied by the United States, became
In 1973 Denmark joined the European Community (later renamed The European Union.)