Arabs migrated to the area around the 9th Century
BCE. In the Middle Ages the UAE was part of the kingdom of Hormuz. By
the early 1500's the Portuguese conquered the area, controlling it
until the early 1600's, when the British took part of it from the
Portuguese. The other part would shortly be controlled by the Empire of
Oman. The British would later take all of the area.
The modern United Arab Emirates federation was
formed in 1971 with the help of the Sheik of Abu Dhabi. Seven of the
nine original sovereign holdings of the British Empire now make up the
UAE and the City of Abu Dhabi is the counties capital.