Zambia is an incredibly beautiful country well known for it's national parks and it's waterfalls at Victoria Falls. While I only visited the far southern part of the country, I was struck by the friendliness of the people that I meet from Zambia. Of course Victoria Falls is so beautiful it could bring almost anyone to tears. Besides visiting the Falls I got a chance to visit a Lion rehabilitation park and the Mosi-O-Tunya National Park. I also got to see the falls from the air in a helicopter. If you travel to Southern Africa, travel to Livingstone and Victoria Falls is a must. I highly recommend travel to Zambia.

The original peoples to the area were indigenous hunter gatherers. They would be displaced or absorbed by migrating tribes around the first century CE. Waves of Bantu speaking migrants came to the area starting in the 15th century. They came primarily from the Luba and Lunda tribes of southern Zaire and northern Angola but were joined in the 19th century by Ngoni peoples from the south. By the latter part of that century, the various peoples of Zambia were largely established in the areas they currently occupy. Except for an occasional Portuguese explorer, the area remained untouched by Europeans until David Livingstone explored the area in 1855. He was the first European to see the falls on the Zambezi River, which he named Victoria Falls after Queen Victoria. In 1888, Cecil Rhodes, obtained a mineral rights concession from local chiefs. In the same year, Northern and Southern Rhodesia (now Zambia and Zimbabwe) were proclaimed a British sphere of influence. Southern Rhodesia was annexed formally and granted self-government in 1923, and the administration of Northern Rhodesia was transferred to the British colonial office in 1924. In 1953, both Rhodesia's were joined with Malawi to form the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. Northern Rhodesia was the center of much of the turmoil and crisis that characterized the federation in its last years. At the core of the controversy were insistent African demands for greater participation in government and European fears of losing political control. A two stage election held in October and December 1962 resulted in an African majority in the legislative council and an uneasy coalition between the two African nationalist parties. The council passed resolutions calling for Northern Rhodesia's secession from the federation and demanding full internal self-government under a new constitution and a new national assembly based on a broader, more democratic franchise. On December 31, 1963, the federation was dissolved, and Northern Rhodesia became the Republic of Zambia on October 24, 1964. Southern Rhodesia's white ruled government unilaterally declared independence in 1965. Zambia's sympathies lay with forces opposing colonial or white dominated rule, in Southern Rhodesia and South Africa. By the late 1970s, Mozambique and Angola had attained independence from Portugal. Zimbabwe achieved independence in accordance with the 1979 Lancaster House agreement, but Zambia's problems were not solved. Civil war in the former Portuguese colonies generated refugees and caused continuing transportation problems. The Benguela Railroad, which extended west through Angola, was essentially closed to traffic from Zambia by the late 1970s. Zambia's strong support for the ANC, which had its external headquarters in Lusaka, created security problems as South Africa raided ANC targets in Zambia. By the early 1990's South Africa had become a republic and Mozambique's war would end. This helped Zambia attract tourist and has helped the country recover from staggering deficits.

Victoria Falls - Zambian Side 2010

A walk with the Lions 2010

Flight over Victoria Falls (Both Sides) from Zambia

Images of Livingstone and Southern Zambia

This beautiful background is the design of artist from